sorry..may be this is stupid question...
1. does landing clearence("cleared to land") for all approaching aircraft on final stage need a confirmation of "runway insight" from tower to pilot?
ex: conform......runway insight? if yes..then cleared to land. if no....report runway/light insight!
2. what about if using ILS DME approach?
the logic is..the instrument approach has contained OCA, DA, etc...so the pilot will be automatically making missed approach when he didn't got runway/runway light insight.
so..is it still need runway insight confirmation?
3. when the ATC's sure the runway is clear..may he give the landing clearance far away from runway? ex: after has transfered from APP to Tower.
4. finally, what is the mean of "Cleared to land"?
are we guarantee the plane will land safely? or we just stating if the runway is really clear of everything?
i really need advice for this condition, especially if there are rule in a book etc explaining this condition.
thanks for the advice.